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6 September 2017
Crew 45, Pilot Henry Robert Anderson – 462 Squadron RAAF

Six of the Anderson Crew, 462 Squadron; Arthur A Newstead, Henry Robert Anderson, Astley Gordon, Fred Satherley, George Frederick Hicks, Bruce Alfred Bell.
Photo from the A. A. Newstead collection.

Above: Six of the Anderson Crew in flying gear.
Back, left to right: F/Eng 'Duke' Newstead, with Eng. tool bag hanging by his right thigh,
Pilot 'Andy' Anderson, MU/AG 'Aggie' Gordon, R/AG Fred Satherley.
Front left, Nav George Hicks; right, W/Op 'Dinger' Bell, holding his W/Op equipment bag.

Crew 45, 462 Squadron, Driffield, Yorkshire, and Foulsham, Norfolk

Pilot: Henry Robert ANDERSON (Andy) 428018 RAAF
Bomb Aimer: K J FAITHFULL (Ken) 1603341 RAF (VR?)
Navigator: George Frederick HICKS 1803292 RAF (VR?)
Wireless Operator: Bruce Alfred BELL (Dinger) 417941 RAAF
Mid-Upper Gunner: Astley GORDON (Aggie) 1819897 RAF (VR?)
Rear Gunner: F SATHERLEY (Fred) 1211556 RAF (VR?)
Flight Engineer: Arthur A NEWSTEAD (Duke) 1593580 RAF (VR?)

Special Duties: WINDOW Dispensers (Foulsham)
Special Duties: RCM (Foulsham)
Various reunion photos
Links to additional crew information; and Crew Ops;
and loss of aircraft.

Reference sources – Australian WW2 Nominal Roll; The National Archives of Australia (Service Files, 462 Squadron Operational Record Book), 462 Squadron veterans as named in the text.

Special thanks must go to Duke Newstead for his photos on this page and throughout this website, and for information which he cheerfully supplied. Thanks also go to Duke and his Duchess for their hospitality when I visited them in 2012, during my travel around the UK.

 

Crew 45, 462 Squadron, Foulsham, May 1945, Fred Satherley, Arthur Newstead, Bruce Bell, Astley Gordon, Ken Faithfull, Henry Robert Anderson, George Hicks.
Photo from the A. A. Newstead collection.

 

 

Crew 45 at Foulsham, May 1945, on or about VE Day.
This is possibly the only photo ever taken of the complete crew.
During May 1945, four of the crew were posted from the Squadron.

Back, left to right:
R/AG Fred Satherley,
F/Eng 'Duke' Newstead,
W/Op Bruce Bell, RAAF,
MU/AG 'Aggie' Gordon.

Front left: Bomb Aimer Ken Faithfull,
Front centre: Pilot 'Andy' Anderson, RAAF,
Front right: Nav George Hicks.

This photo clearly shows the difference in the blue colours of the Air Force uniforms – Bell and Anderson wearing the darker blue of the RAAF, and the other five wearing the lighter blue of the RAF. Five are wearing "best blues" dress uniform, with belted coat. The 2 gunners are wearing "bomber jacket" work uniform.

On enlargement, the letters AG (including for the W/Op/AG), E, B and N are clearly visible in their half-wing brevets.

Three of the Anderson crew beside the rear turret of a Halifax, 462 Squadron; Bruce Alfred Bell, Henry Robert Anderson,  Arthur A Newstead.
Photo from the A. A. Newstead collection.

Above: Three of the Anderson crew, at the rear turret of a Halifax,
winter 1944/1945 (with ubiquitous bicycle transport in background).
Left to right: W/Op Bell, Pilot Anderson, F/Eng Newstead.

 

Three of the Anderson crew, 462 Squadron; Bruce Alfred Bell, Henry Robert Anderson,  Arthur A Newstead.
Photo from the A. A. Newstead collection.

Above: Closer view of the three crew members.
Left to right: W/Op 'Bell, Pilot Anderson, F/Eng Newstead.
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Pilot Henry Robert Anderson (Andy) 428018 RAAF, 462 Squadron, Driffield and Foulsham.
Photo from the A. A. Newstead collection.

Pilot 'Andy' Anderson, image cropped from the crew photo of May 1945.

 

 

 

Pilot

Name: Henry Robert ANDERSON (Andy)
Service: Royal Australian Air Force
Service Number: 428018
Date of Birth: 11 June 1924
Place of Birth: Ulverstone, Tasmania
Date of Enlistment: 11 September 1942
Place of Enlistment: Hobart, Tasmania
Next of Kin: George ANDERSON
Date of Discharge: 29 January 1946
Rank at Discharge: Flying Officer
Posting at Discharge: 9 Aircrew Holding Unit
Honours and Gallantry: Distinguished Flying Cross
Prisoner of War: No

 

 


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Bomb Aimer K J Faithfull (Ken) 1603341 RAFVR, 462 Squadron, Driffield and Foulsham.
Photo from the A. A. Newstead collection.

Bomb Aimer, Ken Faithfull, image cropped from the crew photo of May 1945.

 

Bomb Aimer

Name: K J FAITHFULL (Ken)
Service: Royal Air Force (Volunteer Reserve?)
Service Number: 1603341
Date of Birth: 29 March 1923
Place of Birth: .....
Date and Place of Enlistment: ..... *
Next of Kin: .....
Posting from 462 Squadron: May 1945
Rank at Posting from 462 Squadron: Flight Sergeant
Posting at Discharge: .....
Prisoner of War: No

* From the website http://www.ab-ix.co.uk/rfc_raf.pdf which details RFC and RAF Service Numbers: No. 1600001 to No. 1610000 were allocated from September 1941 at Oxford. This batch includes 1603341 for Ken Faithfull.

 

 

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Navigator F/Sgt George Frederick Hicks, 1803292, 462 Squadron, Driffield and Foulsham.
Photo from the Aviation Heritage Museum Collection

Navigator Flight Sergeant George Frederick Hicks, image cropped from the group photo of Navigators of 462 Squadron, Foulsham 1945.

 

Navigator

Name: George Frederick HICKS
Service: Royal Air Force (Volunteer Reserve?)
Service Number: 1803292
Date of Birth: .....
Place of Birth: .....
Date and Place of Enlistment: ..... *
Next of Kin: .....
Posting from 462 Squadron: May 1945
Rank at Posting from 462 Squadron: Flight Sergeant
Later Postings: Post-war career in the permanent RAF
Prisoner of War: No

* From the website http://www.ab-ix.co.uk/rfc_raf.pdf which details RFC and RAF Service Numbers: No. 1800001 to No. 1814800 were allocated from December 1941 at Euston. This batch includes 1803292 for George Hicks.

 

 


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Bruce Alfred Bell, 417941 RAAF, at enlistment August 1942, later Wireless Operator, 462 Squadron.
Photo from the National Archives of Australia: A9300, 417941

Bruce Alfred Bell, 417941 RAAF,
at enlistment on 15 August 1942, Adelaide.

 

 

 

 

Wireless Operator

Name: Bruce Alfred BELL (Dinger)
Service: Royal Australian Air Force
Service Number: 417941
Date of Birth: 24 July 1923
Place of Birth: Largs Bay, South Australia
Date of Enlistment: 15 August 1942
Place of Enlistment: Adelaide, SA
Next of Kin: Richard BELL
Date of Discharge: 14 December 1945
Rank at Discharge: Flying Officer
Posting at Discharge: 9 Aircrew Holding Unit
Prisoner of War: No

 

Bruce Alfred Bell, 417941 RAAF, under training, later Wireless Operator, 462 Squadron.
Photo from the National Archives of Australia: A9300, 417941

Bruce Alfred Bell, 417941 RAAF, under training as a
Wireless Air Gunner (Course 84, possibly late 1942).

 

 

Bruce Alfred Bell, 417941 RAAF, under training, later Wireless Operator, 462 Squadron.
Photo from the National Archives of Australia: A9300, 417941

Bruce Alfred Bell, 417941 RAAF, under training as a
Wireless Air Gunner (Course 84, possibly late 1942).

 

 

Aircraftman Bruce Alfred Bell, 417941 RAAF, later Wireless Operator, 462 Squadron.
Photo from the National Archives of Australia: A9300, 417941

Aircraftman Bruce Alfred Bell, 417941 RAAF, August/September 1942. He was promoted to Leading Aircraftman on 10 October 1942.

 

 

 

Sergeant Bruce Alfred Bell, 417941 RAAF, later Wireless Operator, 462 Squadron.
Photo from the National Archives of Australia: A9300, 417941

Sergeant Bruce Alfred Bell, 417941 RAAF. On 9 August 1943, he was awarded his Air Gunner's Badge, and promoted to Sergeant so this photo is after that date (AG brevet and Sgt stripes clearly visible).
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Mid-Upper Gunner Astley Gordon (Aggy) 1819897 RAFVR, 462 Squadron, Driffield and Foulsham.
Photo from the A. A. Newstead collection.

Mid-Upper Gunner Aggie Gordon, image cropped from the crew photo of May 1945.

 

 

 

Mid-Upper Gunner

Name: Astley GORDON (Aggie)
Service: Royal Air Force (Volunteer Reserve?)
Service Number: 1819897
Date of Birth: 26 December 1924
Place of Birth: .....
Date and Place of Enlistment: ..... *
Next of Kin: .....
Posting from 462 Squadron: May 1945
Rank at Posting from 462 Squadron: Flight Sergeant
Posting at Discharge: .....
Prisoner of War: No

* From the website http://www.ab-ix.co.uk/rfc_raf.pdf which details RFC and RAF Service Numbers: No. 1815001 to No. 1820000 were allocated from July 1942 at Birmingham. This batch includes 1819897 for Aggie Gordon.

Aggie Gordon may also be seen in the photo of Gunners of 'B' Flight, March 1945, on the 462 Squadron Foulsham page.


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Rear Gunner Fred Satherley 1211556 RAFVR, 462 Squadron, Driffield and Foulsham.
Photo from the A. A. Newstead collection.

Rear Gunner Fred Satherley, image cropped from the crew photo of May 1945.

 

 

Rear Gunner

Name: Fred SATHERLEY
Service: Royal Air Force (Volunteer Reserve?)
Service Number: 1211556
Date of Birth: .....
Place of Birth: .....
Date and Place of Enlistment: ..... *
Next of Kin: .....
Posting from 462 Squadron: ? 1945 (not listed in ORB)
Rank at Posting from 462 Squadron: ? Sgt (not in ORB)
(Sgt on last Op, May 1945)
Posting at Discharge: .....
Prisoner of War: No

* From the website http://www.ab-ix.co.uk/rfc_raf.pdf which details RFC and RAF Service Numbers: No. 1150001 to No. 1250000 were allocated from April 1940 at Cardington. This batch includes 1211556 for Fred Satherley.

Fred Satherley may also be seen in the photo of Gunners of 'B' Flight, March 1945, on the 462 Squadron Foulsham page.


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Sgt Arthur A Newstead (Duke), 1593580 Flight Engineer, 462 Squadron, November 1944.
Photo from the A. A. Newstead collection.

Sgt Arthur A Newstead (Duke), Flight Engineer, 462 Squadron, November 1944. Image cropped from the group photo of Flight Engineers, 462 Squadron Driffield.

 

Flight Engineer

Name: Arthur A Newstead (Duke)
Service: Royal Air Force (Volunteer Reserve?)
Service Number: 1593580
Date of Birth: 09 August 1925
Place of Birth: County Durham, England
Date and Place of Enlistment: 22 November 1943 *
Next of Kin: .....
Date of Posting from 462 Squadron: September 1945
Rank at Posting from 462 Squadron: Sergeant
Posting at Discharge: .....
Prisoner of War: No

* From the website http://www.ab-ix.co.uk/rfc_raf.pdf which details RFC and RAF Service Numbers: No. 1585001 to No. 1600000 were allocated from September 1941 at Weston-super-Mare. This batch includes 1593580 for Duke Newstead. However it appears that the Doncaster Attestation Centre in Yorkshire was issuing 159 series Service Numbers in 1943 for all entrants from the Northern Counties, i.e. Yorkshire, Durham, Northumberland in the east, and Cumberland and Westmorland in the west. F/Eng Newstead was from Durham, F/Eng Len Brocklesby (1594323) from Yorkshire, and F/Eng Geordie MacPherson (1590727) from Northumberland, all with 159 series Service Numbers. F/Eng Tom Walker (1590544) enlisted at Doncaster (December 1942). R/AG Denis Muxlow (1590607, Crew 29) of Spalding, also enlisted at Doncaster (January 1943).

 

Sgt Arthur A Newstead (Duke), 1593580 Flight Engineer, 462 Squadron, June 1945.
Photo from the A. A. Newstead collection.

Sgt Arthur A Newstead (Duke), Flight Engineer, 462 Squadron, June 1945. Image cropped from the group photo of Flight Engineers, 462 Squadron Foulsham.

 

 

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Arthur A Newstead (Duke), former Flight Engineer 462 Squadron, June 2012.
Copyright © 2012 E. M. A. Hibberd

Arthur A Newstead (Duke), former Flight Engineer 462 Squadron, when visited on 2nd June 2012.

 

Special Duties, WINDOW – Foulsham,
with this crew

J E A GRAY, 1595968 RAFVR
D HULBERT, 593796 RAF
T A CASTLE, 1862268 RAF (VR?)
G ROBINSON, 1595325 RAF (VR?)
J F LATIMER, 1551478 RAF (VR?)
A G TAYLOR, 423491 RAAF
W A QUYE, 1802290 RAF (VR?)
H W CALMAN, 423631 RAAF
J G LYNCH, 650438 RAF
W T PARKER, 1897610 RAF (VR?)
S E TILLS, 17596 RAAF
R G IRMINGER, 437308 RAAF
G FINK, 435339 RAAF
D B PATTERSON, 1827279 RAF (VR?)
J F WALL, 432918 RAAF
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Special Duties RCM – Foulsham,
with this crew

J H COHEN, J.43638 RCAF
J EPPLER R.180016 RCAF
E C REINKE, R.218397 RCAF

 


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Veterans of 462 Squadron at Foulsham August 1989; J A Webber, Lyle David Robinson, D R Smith, Arthur A Newstead, L G Brocklesby.
Photo from the A. A. Newstead collection.

The dedication and unveiling of Commemorative Plaques on the Foulsham Village Sign was held on Sunday 27 August 1989. Several former members of 462 Squadron attended. (More photos of this event are on the Robinson crew page, and the Foulsham Memorial page.)

Above, left to right:
J A Webber, Rear Gunner, Langworthy's Crew 34
Lyle David Robinson, Pilot, RAAF, crew 63
D R Smith, Rear Gunner, Scharer's crew 54
Duke Newstead, Flight Engineer, Anderson's crew 45
L G Brocklesby (Len), Flight Engineer, Marchant's crew 32

 

Astley and Betty Gordon, and Olive and Arthur Newstead, Argyll, June 1992. (462 Squadron)
Photo from the A. A. Newstead collection.

Left to right: Astley (Aggie) and Betty Gordon, and Olive and Arthur (Duke) Newstead, Argyll, 21 June 1992.

This was the first meeting between between Mid-Upper Gunner Aggie, and Flight Engineer Duke, since the Anderson crew had been split up in May 1945. (Refer also comments in later section.)


 

Newstead, Faithfull, Goron and Hicks of 462 Squadron, Driffield 12 September 1993
Photo from the A. A. Newstead collection.

Four members of 462 Squadron Crew 45 during the march to the unveiling of the Driffield Memorial on 12 September 1993.

As marked in blue numbers:- 1. F/Eng Arthur Newstead; 2. B/Aimer Ken Faithfull; 3. M/U Gunner Aggie Gordon; and 4. Nav George Hicks (partly obscured). This was the only crew with four members present on that day. Rear Gunner Fred Satherley was living in Spain at the time, and Pilot Anderson and W/Op Bell lived in Australia.
Other members of 466 and 462 Squadrons, and personnel of RAF Driffield who also marched were not identified in this photo. If you can assist with identification, please make contact.

 

Flight Engineer's tie, as worn by Flight Arthur a Newstead, of 462 Squadron.
Photo from the A. A. Newstead collection.

RAF Flight Engineer's tie as worn by Arthur "Duke" Newstead in the march to the Driffield Memorial. All four members of this crew were wearing RAF ties. Ken Faithfull's tie was the standard RAF maroon/light blue/dark blue diagonal stripe, as was George Hick's tie. Duke Newstead and Aggie Gordon were wearing similar ties, but with the relevant Flying Brevet added – as above for the Flight Engineer, but with AG for Air Gunner.

 

Veterans of 462 Squadron, Astley Gordon, George Hicks and Arthur Newstead at Elvington on Friday 13th September 1996.
Photo from the A. A. Newstead collection.

At the Yorkshire Air Museum, Elvington on a significant date –
Friday 13th September 1996, L to R:
MU/AG Astley Gordon, Navigator George Hicks, and Flight Engineer Arthur Newstead.

Bomb Aimer Ken Faithfull and his wife Betty had planned to attend, but family events prevented this.

In these two Elvington photos (similar to the previous photo at Driffield 1993), Gordon and Newstead are wearing their RAF ties with the relevant brevet (AG and E). Hicks is wearing a standard RAF tie.

The diagonal yellow-striped tailplane markings are for 158 Squadron (Number 4 Group) which was based at Lissett, Yorkshire.

 

Veterans of 462 Squadron and wives, Astley & Betty Gordon, George & Roz Hicks and Arthur & Olive Newstead at Elvington on Friday 13th September 1996.
Photo from the A. A. Newstead collection.

Seated, L to R — Olive Newstead, Betty Gordon, Roz Hicks
Standing, L to R.  Aggie Gordon, Duke Newstead, George Hicks

Notes from Duke ........

The location: Yorkshire Air Museum, Elvington
The event: the Roll out of Halifax "Friday the 13th"
LV907 NP-F 158 Squadron
The date: Friday 13th September 1996

The party: "Only those (and family), who had flown in Halifaxes were invited to the party. Lots of Halifax crew members attended from 4 Group and 6 Group. Everyone was very pleased to see and clamber aboard the old kite again, heaps of nostalgia even though the inside of the kite was unfinished and Aggie reported that the guns were wooden mockups."

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Additional crew Information

Postings and Rank – sourced from the 462 Squadron ORB

November 1944 – Crew Posted to 462 Squadron, Driffield; P/O Anderson, F/Sgt Bell; Sgts Faithfull, Hicks, Satherley, Gordon and Newstead.

29 December 1944 – 462 Squadron relocated from Driffield to Foulsham.
Anderson and all of his usual crew were assigned to fly in Halifax Z5-Z, one of 23 aircraft and crews in the AIR PARTY (according to the Movement Order No. 1, 19 December, 1944). The ORB records that "twenty aircraft" flew to Foulsham on 29 Dec, with "A" Flight Commander, S/Ldr J T Brophy in charge of the flight. On 30 December "three aircraft, the remainder of the Air Party", flew to RAF Station Foulsham. However, the ORB does not record details of the aircraft in each group.

Crew Posted from 462 Squadron, Foulsham, May 1945 – F/Sgts Faithfull, Hicks, and Gordon as recorded in the ORB.
Crew Posted from 462 Squadron, Foulsham, September 1945, Sgt Newstead, and (officially) F/O Anderson and F/O Bell.
Satherley's name was not included in any postings from the Squadron at any time, but he was posted out in May 1945 with Gordon, as advised by Newstead.

Summary of Crew formation and history, with reference the RAAF Service File of Bruce Alfred Bell (from National Archives of Australia)

  Bruce Alfred Bell Pilot Anderson RAF crew members
Enlisted RAAF 15 August 1942, Adelaide 11 Sept 1942  
Training in Australia 4 ITS    
Embarked for Canada 02 November 1942, from Melbourne    
Training in Canada 2 WS, 2 BAGS, 2 AOS    
Qualified Air Gunner Badge, 09 August 1943, promoted to Sgt    
Embarked for the UK From Canada, 14 February 1944    
11 PDRC, Brighton 24 February 1944    
Training UK 2 (O) AFU, 18 April 1944    
21 OTU, Moreton-in-Marsh 06 June 1944    
Commissioned Granted a Commission, rank of Pilot Officer effective 18 Sept 1944,    
61 Base, Aircrew School 06 September 1944    
61 Base, 1659 HCU, Topcliffe 14 September 1944    
462 Squadron 06 November 1944    
Promotion Flying Officer, 18 March 1945    
9 ACHU, Gamston

17 September 1945

17 September 1945, with group of RAAF officers 22 September 1945, Newstead to RAF Bruntingthorpe
Embarked from UK 20 September 1945    
Disembarked from UK Perth, 29 October 1945    
Discharged in Aus 14 December 1945 29 January 1946  

From the bold font entries in the table above:-
The initial crew of 6 probably formed at 21 OTU, Moreton-in-Marsh, on or soon after the 06 June 1944.
The flight engineer probably joined the crew at 1659 HCU Topcliffe, on or soon after 14 September 1944.
The crew of seven was probably posted TO 462 Squadron, Driffield on 06 November 1944, relocating with the Squadron to Foulsham on 29 December 1944.
The two RAAF crew members were probably posted FROM the Squadron together to 9 Aircrew Holding Unit at RAF Gamston, prior to repatriation to Australia. Bell's Service File records this as 17 September.
Four of the Crew were posted from the Squadron in May 1945.
The remaining Flight Engineers were posted as a group to RAF Bruntingthorpe on 22 September 1945, and F/Eng Newstead's name was included in that group.

Service details for A A "Duke" Newstead (as personally advised by him)

February 1943 – Applied to join the RAF under the Deferred Service Scheme; accepted for Flight Engineer training and allocated his Service Number 1593580 (then aged 17½ years).
22 November 1943 – Commenced training at ACRC London, aged 18¼ years. (No. 1 Air Crew Reception Centre was at Lords Cricket Ground at St. Johns Wood, London).
16 August 1944 – after having trained and qualified as a Flight Engineer at St Athan, Wales, received his "tapes and brevet", i.e. Sergeants stripes and Engineers half-wing brevet.

(As described in crew summary above, he joined the crew at Topcliffe, and was posted with them to 462 Squadron, Ops as detailed in later section.)

Duke's recollections of May 1945, and the break-up of the Anderson crew ...
" We all went on the usual week's leave in May '45 little knowing what the RAAF/RAF had planned for us. At the end of leave I returned to my dismal Nissen hut to find half the beds stripped, and the two gunners, Aggy Gordon and Fred Satherley packing their kit ready to depart. They explained that Ken Faithfull and George Hicks had already been posted out, and that Bruce Bell and Andy Anderson had been repatriated!! I was stunned. .... I remember a number of guys who I became friendly with in the absence of my crew but I have no recollection of ever seeing Andy or Dinger, yet we were on good terms, always. I remember doing some flying, swimming in a nearby farmer's pond, listening to Current Affairs talks, that busses were laid on to take any who fancied it to do "Dinghy Drill" on Cromer Beach, needless to say without a dinghy. ....... Although all the crew were in contact post-war we rarely talked about the war. "
(See also the photo of the complete crew of seven, taken on or about VE Day at Foulsham.)

After posting from 462 Squadron to Bruntingthorpe with all of the remaining Flight Engineers in September 1945, he re-mustered to ground trade, retaining his "tapes". He then served the last 14 months of his Service in Italy – 10 months in Naples, and 4 months in Rome.
Circa March 1947 – Demobbed at RAF Ciampino, Rome; Duke "had a wonderful time in that unhappy but beautiful country".

When Aggy Gordon and Duke Newstead met up in June 1992, they had not seen each other since the crew had been split up and dispersed at the end of their leave in May 1945. At the reunion in 1992, Aggy presented Duke with a photo which he had been keeping safe for the last 47 years!
Apparently, as VE Day approached, Pilot Andy Anderson had visited a Studio to have a photograph taken of himself. He then endorsed each copy with a farewell message to each crew member. In May 1945 before he left the Squadron, he had given them out to the other crew members, except for Duke who was still on leave. Andy had given Aggy a copy of the photo to be passed on to Duke.
Duke remained in 462 Squadron until September 1945, and in the intervening time did not see or hear of Andy Anderson or Bruce Bell. If Anderson had remained at Foulsham, he would surely have delivered the photo to Duke himself.
Interestingly, Bruce Bell's RAAF Service File lists his Posting From 462 Squadron as being on the 17 September. Anderson's Service File is not available to compare his postings. However the two Aussies may have taken leave, and then gone direct to 9 ACHU Gamston. Whenever they departed, their names are listed with Officers posted out in September 1945 ORB, so perhaps the paperwork took a while to catch up.
(Many other personnel were listed in Postings TO the Squadron, but not in Postings FROM. Conversely, some were listed in Postings FROM, but there is no record of their Posting TO. However, there was a War on, so mistakes were made.)

Duke celebrated his 91st birthday with family in August 2016. He lives with his Duchess in a lovely part of the UK and is actively involved in his community. He is well versed in the use of computers, printers, scanners, and emails etc., (not bad for a Nonagenarian) and is a regular contributor to this website. Thank you, Duke.

 

Honours and Gallantry Awards (sourced from the London Gazette)

Henry Robert Anderson – Award of Distinguished Flying Cross
London Gazette, Issue 37352, Tues 13 Nov 1945, 4th Supplement Fri 16 Nov 1945, page 5592
Air Ministry, 16 November 1945
The KING has been graciously pleased to approve the following awards .....
ROYAL AUSTRALIAN AIR FORCE .....
Distinguished Flying Cross
Flying Officers .....

Henry Robert ANDERSON, (Aus.428018) 462 (R.A.A.F.) Sqn., effective 13 August 1943

Also published in the Commonwealth of Australian Gazette on 06 December 1945, page 2613, position 18.
The DFC Card at the Australian War Memorial (copy below), records that Flying Officer Henry Robert Anderson, 428018 RAAF, of "Harehope", Gawler, Via Ulverstone, Tasmania, was presented with his Distinguished Flying Cross by The Governor of Tasmania, at Government House on 07 May 1947.

The Citation reads ..... "Fine courage as Pilot in attacks on targets in Europe".

Flying Officer Henry Robert Anderson 428018 RAAF, 462 Squadron - DFC Card at AWM.
Australian War Memorial, ref RCDIG1068966

Post-war RAF Service – George Frederick Hicks remained in the RAF. From the rank of Flight Sergeant, he was Commissioned, to the rank of Pilot Officer in 1955; was Flight Lieutenant in 1961, and Squadron Leader in 1975.

Promotions (sourced from the London Gazette)

Rank of Pilot Officer
London Gazette, Issue 40595, Tues 27 Sept 1955, Supplement Fri 30 Sept 1955, page 5478
Air Ministry, 30 Sept 1955
Royal Air Force, General Duties Branch. Appointment to Commission (permanent), as Pilot Officers
Flights Sergeants

1803292 George Frederick HICKS (1803292), effective 21 July 1955

Rank of Flying Officer – record not located

Rank of Flight Lieutenant
London Gazette, Issue 42420, Fri 21 July 1961, 2nd Supplement Tues 25 July 1961, page 5501
Air Ministry, 25 July 1961
Royal Air Force, General Duties Branch. Promotion, Flying Officer to Flight Lieutenant

G. F. HICKS (1803292), effective 21 July 1961

Rank of Squadron Leader
London Gazette, Issue 46621 Mon 30 June 1975, Supplement Tues 01 July 1975, page 8378
Air Force Department, 01 July 1975
Royal Air Force, General Duties Branch. Promotion, Flight Lieutenant to Squadron Leader

G. F. HICKS (1803292), effective 01 July 1975

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Crew Ops (sourced from Squadron ORB)

Driffield – Bombing, usual crew of 7, x 5 Ops
Foulsham – Spoofs (WINDOW), crew of 8 (8th man to dispense WINDOW). x 13 Ops
Foulsham – RCM, crew of 8 (8th man to operate RCM equipment). x 2 Ops
Foulsham – RCM, crew of 9 (8th man to dispense WINDOW, and 9th to operate RCM equipment). x 2 Ops

Anderson, Total 23 personal Ops. 1st Op on 16 November 1944 as 2nd Pilot for Pilot Sanderson (crew 27).
He subsequently flew a further 22 Ops with his usual crew, with some substitutions.

Bomb Aimer Faithfull 23 Ops – 22 with Anderson, plus 1 with Ridgewell
Nav Hicks 22 Ops – 21 with Anderson, plus 1 with Jackson
W/Op Bell 21 Ops – 20 with Anderson, plus 1 with Uther
MU/AG Gordon 25 Ops – 22 with Anderson, plus 1 each with Jackson, Boyd and Drinkwater
R/AG Satherley 26 Ops – 22 with Anderson, plus 1 each with Ely and Frazer, and 2 with Boyd
F/Eng Newstead 22 Ops – 20 with Anderson, plus 1 each with Ely and Boyd

The following Table lists Ops for Anderson and his crew.

Aircraft Code numbers Z5- are incomplete until they can be verified. (There are discrepancies within the ORB, and between the ORB and various authors.)
Times up and down in black are day flights, and times in red are night flights.
Target "Duisburg x 16" means 16 aircraft tasked from 462 Squadron to the target of Duisburg, with Anderson's crew being one of those 16 (and so on for the other dates). There is some variation in the spelling of Target names in the original ORB.
Code for Op Type – B Bombing; SD Special Duties; SP Spoof; W WINDOW; F Flares; TI Target Indicators; I Incendiaries; and RCM Radio Counter Measures using Special Equipment.

 

Date Op No A/c Serial Code Z5- Up Down Target Op Type Comments
16/11/1944 1 MZ448 W 1237 1757 Jülich x 16 B Anderson as 2nd Pilot for Russell William Sanderson and Crew 27
30/11/1944 2 NA148 Z 1646 2234 Duisburg x 16 B Substitute W/OP William Argo Turner
02/12/1944 3 MZ457 Y 1744 0031 Hagen x 15 B  
05/12/1944 4 NA148 Z 1815 0034 Soest x 14 B Substitute Navigator James Edward Peasley
12/12/1944 5 NA148 Z 1622 2206 Essen x 11 B  
18/12/1944 6 NA148 Z 0258 0935 Duisburg x 16 B  
05/01/1945 7 MZ398 X 1629 2040 Ruhr x 5 (of 12) SD SP W Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
John Edmund Arthur Gray (who was KIA with Lodder crew on night of 16/17 April 1945)
06/01/1945 8 NP990 L 1628 2154 Ruhr x 12 SD SP W Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
D Hulbert
14/01/1945 9 ? ? 1619 2216 Mannheim x 13 SD SP W B Error for A/c serial, in ORB as NA457; possibly their usual NA148 Z5-A
(Boyd in MZ457, Robertson in NA147, Lodder in MZ467, no other crew in NA148 on this Op);
Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
T A Castle
16/01/1945 10 NA148 Z 1829 2252 ? Sylt x 9 SD SP W Recorded in ORB as NR148, and down time as 2952; Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW, Geoffrey Robinson
17/01/1945 11 NA148 Z 1634 2131 Bochum x 8 SD SP W B Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
J F Latimer
21/01/1945 12 NA148 Z 2005 0100 Bonn x 6 SD SP W B Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
Alexander Gordon Taylor
28/01/1945 13 NA148 Z 1709 2311 Mainz x 11 SD SP W B Substitute Flight Engineer Leonard Henry Jones;
Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
W A Quye
14/02/1945 14 PN168 T 2103 0130 Mainz x 1 (of 6) SD SP W I

Substitute W/OP W Evans;
Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
Harold William Calman

21/02/1945 15 PN168 T 2016 0111 Koblenz x 9 (of 12) SD SP W I Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
John George Lynch (who was KIA on 24/02/1945 with Ridgewell crew)
23/02/1945 16 MZ913 N 1741 2303 Ruhr x 9 SD SP W B I Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
Wilf T Parker
27/02/1945 17 NA148 Z 1812 2229 Sylt x 7

SD SP W

Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
Stanley Ernest Tills
13/03/1945 18 NA240 V 1743 2347 Frankfurt x 11 SD SP W TI I Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
Ronald George Irminger;
Additional 9th German-speaking member of crew to operate Special Equipment, J H Cohen, RCAF.
15/03/1945 19 NA148 Z 1747 0107 Munster & Hagen x 8 SD SP W TI I Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
Garth Fink
23/03/1945 20 NA240 V 1950 0100 Ruhr x 4 SD SP W Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
D B Patterson;
Additional 9th German-speaking member of crew to operate Special Equipment, J Eppler, RCAF.
30/03/1945 21 NA148 Z 1904 2325 Stade x 6 SD SP W TI I Substitute Flight Engineer W S MacPherson;
Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
John Francis Wall
14/04/1945 22 PN427 A 1835 0142 Potsdam x 4 (of 12) SD PP MF B Protective Patrol with Main Force; hit by Flak, forced landing at Liege, France; total loss, Pilot injured;
A/c recorded in error as RG432 Z5-A;
Additional 8th German-speaking member of crew to operate Special Equipment, E C Reinke, RCAF.
02/05/1945 23 MZ308 S 2051 0208 Flensburg x 4 (of 10) SD PP WF B

Protective Patrol, Carpet Jamming with WINDOW Force;
Additional 8th Additional 8th German-speaking member of
crew to operate Special Equipment, J Eppler, RCAF.

The Anderson Crew in Halifax MZ308 was the last crew to return and land, on this last Op for 462 Squadron in WW2.

MZ448 Z5-W – lost on night of 24/25 February 1945, Ridgewell and Crew 37, painting on Halifax page.

NA148 Z5-Z – photo on Halifax page.

NP990 Z5-L – had previously been damaged by flak on 06 October 1944, fire on board with full bomb load, several of crew injured, 2 baled out as ordered; safe emergency landing at Woodbridge, McGindle and Crew 19.

PN168 Z5-T "Tommy" – model on Halifax page.

MZ913 Z5-N "Jane" – photo on Halifax page.

NA240 Z5-V was lost 10 April 1945, on a Radio Counter Measures flight with the Main Force to Leipzig,
Ball & crew 59.

RG432 Z5-A – on 04 April 1945 this aircraft had been written off (but recorded in ORB as LG432 Z5-A); early return with port inner engine u/s, overshot runway when landing on 3 engines at Foulsham, undercarriage collapsed, aircraft a total loss (O'Sullivan & crew 43). Therefore it could not have been flown on 14 April 1945, by Anderson and Crew (and similarly, not on 13 April 1945 by Grant and Crew 62).
Photographic evidence shows that the Anderson Halifax which crash-landed at Liege was PN427 Z5-A.

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Loss of Aircraft, 14 April 1945. While on a Protective Patrol with the Main Force to Potsdam (Berlin), the Halifax was hit by flak, and made a forced landing at Liege, France. The Pilot was slightly injured, and the aircraft was a total loss.

From 21 April to 27 April, Bruce Bell went on on "7 days Survivors Leave". This was most likely also allocated to each of the crew.

More details to be added, please visit again.

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