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6 July 2018
Crew 14, Pilot Colin William Jackson – 462 Squadron RAAF

 

Crew 14 of 462 Squadron, previously Crew 122 of 466 Squadron (Michael John STAFFORD, Douglas Charles Henry FARRINGTON, William Anthony BOWDEN, Ernest Edward ROSE; Robert Thomson CRAIG, Ronald James SMITH, Edward HALL, Colin William JACKSON).
From the Michael John Stafford Archives, via Mark Weate

There were substitutions for various members of the Jackson crew on several Ops at 462 Squadron.

Bomb Aimer SMITH failed to return from an Op with the Mitchell crew on 02 November 1944 and was subsequently taken PoW. After tat date, there were 9 different Bomb Aimers for the Jackson Crew.

W/Op TURNER carried out 3 Ops with the Jackson Crew, and 1 Op each with the Anderson Crew (November) and Cookson Crew (December), and was Posted FROM 462 Sqdn in December 1944. He was replaced by W/Op BOWDEN, who also flew with the Cookson (6 Ops), Finley (4 Ops), James (1 Op), and 15 Ops with Jackson.

W/Op CRAIG had flown with both the Finley Crew and Jackson crew when both crews were at 466 Squadron, but he flew only with the Finley crew at 462 Sqdn.

 

Crew 14 had been posted TO 462 Squadron Driffield, FROM 466 Squadron, Driffield in August 1944.

Crew photo at Left .....

Back, left to right: Rear Gunner Michael John STAFFORD; Mid-Upper Gunner Douglas Charles Henry FARRINGTON; Wireless Operator William Anthony BOWDEN; Flight Engineer Ernest Edward ROSE;

Front, left to right: WOp/AG Robert Thomson CRAIG; Bomb Aimer Ronald James SMITH; Navigator Edward HALL; Pilot Colin William JACKSON.

The Aircraft is from 466 Squadron, with the code HD visible on the fuselage between Bowden & Rose. The Serial Number is partially obscured, but may be MZ299, which was lost on the night of the 15 December 1944 (HD-H, of 466 Sqdn). With the presence of W/Op Bowden, this may date the photo as early December 1944.

On posting to 462 Squadron, the crew was made up as follows .....
Pilot: Colin William JACKSON
Bomb Aimer: Ronald James SMITH
Navigator: Edward HALL
Wireless Operator: William Argo TURNER
Flight Engineer: Ernest Edward ROSE
Mid-Upper Gunner: Douglas Charles Henry FARRINGTON
Rear Gunner: Michael John STAFFORD

Replacement W/Op: William Anthony BOWDEN

Links to Additional Crew Information;
Crew Ops at 466 Squadron, Leconfield and Driffield;
Crew Ops at 462 Squadron, Driffield and Foulsham;
Gallantry Awards for
Jackson DFC, Hall DFC; Rose DFM, and Stafford CdeG.

Reference sources – Australian WW2 Nominal Roll; The National Archives of Australia (462 Squadron Operational Record Book); Commonwealth War Graves Commission; Books "Brave and True" and "To See The Dawn Again".

 

 

 

Crew 14 of 462 Squadron, previously Crew 122 of 466 Squadron, Driffield (Michael John STAFFORD, Douglas Charles Henry FARRINGTON, Ernest Edward ROSE; Ronald James SMITH, Colin William JACKSON, Edward HALL).
From the 466-462 Squadrons Association, Sydney

 

 

Photo at left was received from the 466-462 Squadrons' Association but not published in the book "Brave and True". It was taken at RAF Station Driffield, outside the Respirator Workshop.

Their photo label was abbreviated as Crew 122 (of 466 Sqdn):
Bk: FO D Farrington, MUG; FO MJ Stafford, CdeG, RG; FS EE Rose DFM, FE;
Fr: FO JR Smith, BA; FL CW Jackson DFC, Pilot; FLt E Hall DFC.

However, based on the Crew photo shown above left, and compared with enlistment photos from the National Archives of Australia, and with various group photos on the Foulsham page, it appears that the names of the two gunner had been transposed in error.

The caption can now be corrected to ....

Back, L to R: Rear Gunner Michael John STAFFORD; Mid-Upper Gunner Douglas Charles Henry FARRINGTON; Flight Engineer Ernest Edward ROSE;

Front, L to R: Bomb Aimer Ronald James SMITH; Pilot Colin William JACKSON; Navigator Edward HALL.

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Pilot

Name: Colin William JACKSON
Service: Royal Australian Air Force
Service Number: 418533
Date of Birth: 31 March 1913
Place of Birth: North Melbourne, Victoria
Date of Enlistment: 23 May 1942
Place of Enlistment: Melbourne, Vic
Next of Kin: Mary JACKSON
Date of Discharge: 06 September 1945
Rank at Discharge: Flying Officer
Posting at Discharge: 462 Squadron RAAF
Honours and Gallantry: Distinguished Flying Cross
Prisoner of War: No

Jackson may also be seen with the Pilots at 462 Squadron, Foulsham March 1945, middle row, 3rd from left.

 

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Bomb Aimer

Name: Ronald James SMITH
Service: Royal Australian Air Force
Service Number: 12060
Date of Birth: 24 December 1912
Place of Birth: Goulburn, New South Wales
Date of Enlistment: 15 January 1940
Place of Enlistment: Richmond, NSW
Next of Kin: Elsie SMITH
Date of Discharge: 05 February 1946
Rank at Discharge: Flight Lieutenant
Posting at Discharge: 462 Squadron
Honours and Gallantry: ......
Prisoner of War: Yes

Ronald James Smith also flew as Bomb Aimer with the Finley Crew.

Smith became a PoW after flying as the substitute Bomb Aimer with the Mitchell Crew on the night of 2 November 1944. A photo of Aircraftman Smith (1942, during training) is included on that page.
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Edward HALL, 419042 RAAF, Navigator in 462 Squadron.
Photos from the National Archives of Australia: A9300, 419042

 

 

Navigator

Name: Edward HALL
Service: Royal Australian Air Force
Service Number: 419042
Date of Birth: 14 December 1910
Place of Birth: Talbot, Vic
Date of Enlistment: 26 June 1942
Place of Enlistment: Melbourne, Vic
Next of Kin: Iris HALL
Date of Discharge: 14 September 1945
Rank at Discharge: Flight Lieutenant
Posting at Discharge: 462 Squadron
Honours and Gallantry: Distinguished Flying Cross
Prisoner of War: No

Photo at left: Edward Hall at enlistment, on or about 26 June 1942, and prior to having a moustache, as shown in the crew photos.

Edward Hall may also be seen with the Navigators at 462 Squadron at Foulsham, February/March 1945, front row, 4th from left.

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Wireless Operator

Name: William Argo TURNER
Service: Royal Australian Air Force
Service Number: 410108 (later A34276)
Date of Birth: 03 June 1923
Place of Birth: Richmond, Vic
Date of Enlistment: 08 November 1941
Place of Enlistment: Melbourne, Vic
Next of Kin: Williamina TURNER
Date of Discharge: 17 October 1945
Rank at Discharge: Warrant Officer
Posting at Discharge: 76 Squadron
Honours and Gallantry: ....
Prisoner of War: No

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Flight Engineer

Name: Ernest Edward ROSE
Service: Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve
Service Number: 1701134
Date and Place of Birth: .....
Date and Place of Enlistment: ....
Next of Kin:
Date, Rank, and Posting at Discharge: ..... *
Honours and Gallantry: Distinguished Flying Medal
Prisoner of War: No

(* Sce No 1701134 in the series 1700001 to 1800000, allocated from September 1941 by the Inspector of Recruiting for Local Enlistments for Deferred Service at CRCs – Refer website http://www.ab-ix.co.uk/rfc_raf.pdf)

Rose may also be seen with the Flight Engineers at 462 Squadron, Driffield, November 1944, front row, 2nd from left.
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Douglas Charles Henry FARRINGTON, 427235 RAAF, Mid-Upper Gunner in 462 Squadron.
Photos from the National Archives of Australia: A9300, 427235


 

Mid-Upper Gunner

Name: Douglas Charles Henry FARRINGTON
Service: Royal Australian Air Force
Service Number: 427235
Date of Birth: 14 March 1923
Place of Birth: Dover, England
Date of Enlistment: 15 June 1942
Place of Enlistment: Perth, Western Australia
Next of Kin: Lillian FARRINGTON
Date of Discharge: 03 October 1945
Rank at Discharge: Flying Officer
Posting at Discharge: Signals School
Honours and Gallantry: .....
Prisoner of War: No

At Left: Douglas Charles Henry FARRINGTON, 427235 RAAF, at enlistment, on or about 15 June 1942.

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Michael John STAFFORD, 425907 RAAF, Rear Gunner at 462 Squadron.
Photos from the National Archives of Australia: A9300, 425907

 

Rear Gunner

Name: Michael John STAFFORD
Service: Royal Australian Air Force
Service Number: 425907
Date of Birth: 19 July 1923
Place of Birth: Brisbane, Queensland
Date of Enlistment: 21 May 1942
Place of Enlistment: Brisbane, Qld
Next of Kin: Michael STAFFORD
Date of Discharge: 08 September 1945
Rank at Discharge: Flying Officer
Posting at Discharge: 462 Squadron
Honours and Gallantry: .... **
Prisoner of War: No

At Left: Michael John STAFFORD, 425907 RAAF, at enlistment, on or about 21 May 1942.

** The Croix de Guerre (France) was awarded to Stafford and was recorded in the ORB for July 1945 Form 540, page 105.
(See also Rear Gunner Neville Owen Reed for photo of, and documents relating to his award of a CdeG, Belgium.)
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William Anthony BOWDEN, 418792 Raaf, Wireless Operator in 462 Squadron.
Photos from the National Archives of Australia: A9300, 418792

 

 

2nd Wireless Operator

Name: William Anthony BOWDEN
Service: Royal Australian Air Force
Service Number: 418792
Date of Birth: 16 September 1918
Place of Birth: Clifton Hill, Vic
Date of Enlistment: 19 June 1942
Place of Enlistment: Melbourne, Vic
Next of Kin: Joan BOWDEN
Date of Discharge: 05 September 1945
Rank at Discharge: Flight Lieutenant
Posting at Discharge: RAF Mullagamore
Honours and Gallantry: ....
Prisoner of War: No

At Left: William Anthony BOWDEN 418792 RAAF, at enlistment, on or about 19 June 1942.

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Additional Crew Information

Details to be added – please visit again.

 

Jackson and Crew 122 of 466 Squadron, Leconfield and Driffield – sourced from "Brave & True", 2nd Edition, 2007, page 135.
The names highlighted in yellow were those who were posted to 462 Squadron as the Jackson Crew, in August 1944. Note that Bowden and Craig, as shown in the crew photo, were both substitute Wireless Operator / Air Gunners for Crew 122 at 466 Squadron.

 

Jackson Crew 14 at 462 Squadron, crew details from previous posting at 466 Squadron.

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Crew Ops at 466 Squadron – transcribed from "Brave & True", 2nd Ed'n (pages 95 and 135), target names as recorded there.
Dates – e.g. 09/10 June 1944, they departed in the evening of the 9th, and returned in the early hours of the 10th (and so on for other dates).
466 Squadron moved from Leconfield, East Yorkshire back to Driffield on 03 June 1944, so the first 2 Ops listed below would have been from Leconfield. (Refer to "Brave and True" for History of 466 Sqdn).
Total Ops for Jackson Crew = 31

 

Op 466 Sqdn
Op No.
Date Target
(as recorded in Brave & True)
1 B85 01/02 June 1944 Ferme D'Urville
2 B86 02/03 June 1944 Trappes
3

B88

06/07 June 1944 Chateadun
4 B89 07/08 June 1944 Juvisy Railway Junction
5 B90 09/10 June 1944 Laval
6 B91 12/13 June 1944 St Roch (Amiens)
7 B92 14/15 June 1944 Evrecy
8 B93 16/17 June 1944 Sterkrade
9 B94 17/18 June 1944 St Martin L'Hortier
10 B100 30 June 1944 Villers Bocage
11 B101 01 July 1944 Oisemont Neuville-au-Bois
12 B102 04 July 1944 Domleger
13 B104 07 July 1944 Caen
14

B106

14/15 July 1944 Les Landes Vielles et Neuves
15 B107 17 July 1944

Bois de la Haye

16 B109 18 July 1944 Paris (Vaires Marshalling Yards)
17 B111 20/21 July 1944 Bottrop-Welheim
18 B112 23/24 July 1944 Les Catelliers
19 B113 24/25 July 1944 Stuttgart
20 B114 25/26 July 1944 Wanne Eickel
21 B115 28 July 1944 Foret de Nieppe
22 B117 30 July 1944 Battle Area 6
23 B119 03 August 1944 L'Isle Adam
24 B120 05 August 1944 Foret de Nieppe
25 B121 06 August 1944 Foret de Nieppe
26 B122 07/08 August 1944 Battle Area 3
27 B123 09 August 1944 Coquereaux
28 B124 10/11 August 1944 Dijon Marshalling Yards
29 B126 12/13 August 1944 Brunswick
30 B128 15 August 1944 Eindhoven Airfield
31 B129 16/17 August 1944 Kiel

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Crew Ops at 462 Squadron sourced from the 462 Squadron ORB.

The following table lists the Ops for Jackson and crew – with three missions abandoned by Master Bomber; and one landing away. There was 1 Op with a 2nd Pilot, D J Robertson.
These 18 Ops at 462 Squadron brought Pilot Jackson's total Op tally to 49.
Ops 1 to 7 were from Driffield for Bombing, and Ops 8 to
18 were from Foulsham on Special Duties.

Serial Numbers are from the ORB; Z5 Code from various Log books (matching known Halifax identification), however Aircraft Code numbers are incomplete until they can be verified. (There are discrepancies within the ORB, and between the ORB and various authors.)
There were the usual variations in spelling of Surnames, initials, and Service Numbers for crew members.

Times up and down in black are day flights, and times in red are night flights.
Target "Homberg (1 of 10)" means 10 aircraft were tasked from 462 Squadron to the target of Homberg, with Jackson's crew being one of those 10 (and so on for the other dates, some ops had two Targets and show a higher aircraft total).
There is some variation in the spelling of Target names in the original ORB.
Code for Op Type – B Bombing; SD Special Duties; SP Spoof; W WINDOW; F Flares; TI Target Indicators; I Incendiaries; and This crew did not carry out any Ops using Special Equipment for Radio Counter Measures (RCM).
The 8th crew member for dispensing WINDOW is named in the comments column.

Date Op No A/c
Serial
Code Z5- Up Down Target Op Type Comments
27/08/1944 1 LL600 C 1147 1549 Homberg (1 of 10) Bombing  
31/08/1944 2 MZ792 P 1300 1608 La Pourchinte
(1 of 8)
Bombing Mission abandoned by Master Bomber; all bombs brought back by this crew; 2nd Pilot D J Robertson
23/09/1944 3 MZ792 P 1852 2225 Neuss (1 of 14) Bombing

In transit to the target, the port outer engine became unserviceable, but Jackson flew to and bombed the target accurately, then returned to land away at Manston (port outer u/s); he received a DFC for his actions on this Op;
Form 541 records date as 24 Sept, however the Form 540 Summary records date as 23 Sept with 14 aircraft on Ops; the Sqdn was on stand-by on 24 Sept, with no flying due to weather, so unable to collect crews (including Jackson & Crew) who landed away on the 23 Sept.

06/10/1944 4 NP971 ? 1402 1857 Sterkrade
(1 of 17)
Bombing Bombed by manual release;
(see McGindle's page for his crew's difficulties on this Op)
NP971 is only recorded in use for Ops on the 6 and 7 October 1944, so may be an error.
23/10/1944 5 MZ402 V 1646 2157 Essen (1 of 16) Bombing  
25/10/1944 6 MZ402 V 1226 1745 Essen (1 of 16) Bombing  
05/12/1944 7 MZ469 N 1801 0008 Soest (1 of 14) Bombing  
29/12/1944 na MZ448 W 0700   Driffield to Foulsham Relocate Air party, transferring with 462 Squadron from 4 Group Driffield, to 100 Group Foulsham (Ref: NAA File A2217)
Jackson, Hall, Bowden, Stafford, Farrington and Rose.
01/01/1945 8 NR284 Q 1701 2120 Bremen (1 of 4) SD SP W Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
J F LATIMER
05/01/1945 9 MZ461 O 1627 2035 Ruhr (1 of 5; total of 12 aircraft on Ops) SD SP W Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
F M BARKLA
14/01/1945 10 NR284 Q 1628 2206 Mannheim
(1 of 13)
SD SP W B Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
L S REES
16/01/1945 11 NR284 Q 1829 2233 Sylt (1 of 9) SD SP W Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
L S REES
07/02/1945 12 NA148 Z 2113 0138 Bonn (1 of 11) SD SP W B I Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
F M BARKLA
10/02/1945 13 PN168 T 0119 0453 Ruhr (1 of 8) SD SP W Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
F M BARKLA
Form 541 dated as 11 Feb with 8 aircraft airborne, however Form 540 Summary records date as 10 Feb.
Op scheduled for 11 Feb cancelled due to adverse weather.
18/02/1945 14 MZ448 W 1750 2109 Rheine (1 of 5) SD SP W I Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
F M BARKLA (This aircraft lost on 24 Feb 1945)
21/02/1945 15 MZ448 W 2010 0050 Koblenz (1 of 9; total of 12 aircraft on Ops) SD SP W I Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
G A E SANDAY (who was KIA on 24 Feb 1945 carrying out the same duties with the ELY Crew)
03/03/1945 16 NR284 Q 1926 2355 Dortmund Ems Canal (1 of 8) SD SP W F Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
J D FRASER
18/03/1945 17 Not listed ? 0111 0710 Kassal (1 of 6) SD SP W sic, Kassel;
Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
S E TILLS
22/03/1945 18 NR284 Q 0130 0610 Bremen (1 of 5) SD SP W I TI Additional 8th member of crew to dispense WINDOW,
C K BARNETT

LL600 Z5-C – overshot runway when landing at Sudbury, 23 Sept 1944, Robertson Crew; photo on Halifax page.
MZ448 Z5-W – lost on night of 24/25 February 1945, Ridgewell and Crew 37, painting on Halifax page.
NA148 Z5-Z – photo on Halifax page.
NR284 Z5-Q – photo on Halifax page.
PN168 Z5-T "Tommy" – photo of model on Halifax page.

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Gallantry Awards – details to be added, please visit again.

Distinguished Flying CrossPilot Colin William JACKSON

Distinguished Flying CrossNavigator Edward HALL

Distinguished Flying Medal Flight Engineer Ernest Edward ROSE

Croix de Guerre Michael John STAFFORD. In the 462 Squadron ORB for July 1945, Form 540, page 105, Part IV Honours and Awards, the Croix de Guerre (France) was awarded to F/O M J Stafford, under Authority IOOG/S.130I/9/P1 dated 02 July 1945.

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